IPR2 has published a survey of the leading cases for online liability for copyright infringement in Europe. It follows the Seminar on the Judicial Protection of Copyrights on the Internet, held in co-operation with the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), by way of informing the Chinese judiciary of existing European mechanisms and practices for protecting copyrights on-line, enhancing understanding of European and international practices of IPR protection, including handling evidence, procedures and remedies for actions to enforce online copyright to help increase the capacity for adjudicating and handling such cases. Download Online Copyright Liability: Leading European Cases1.32 MB.
The publication gives an overview of a number of cases demonstrating liability for:
- web site operators and other users
- hosting providers
- hosting user generated content providers
- search engines
- disclosure of personal data
Links to some of the complete cases may be found here:
Liability of web site operators and other users
Polydor Ltd and others v Brown and others, High Court of Justice Chancery division, UK (first instance), 28 November 2005 http://www.i-law.com/ilaw/doc/view.htm?id=38280 (user name and password needed)
Liability of Access Providers
SABAM v SA Scarlet Extended, Tribunal de Premiere Instance, Belgium, 26 November 2005, 29 June 2007 and 22 October 2008 http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1027954(Note: English translation may be used for non-commercial purposes).
Liability for hyperlinking
Belgacom Skynet v IFPI Belgium and N.V. Universal, Cour d’Appel, Belgium, 13 February 2001www.bechtold.name/archive/text/ifpi_v_belgacom.pdfwww.bechtold.name/archive/text/ifpi_v_belgacom_appeal.doc LeaseWeb BV v BREIN, Gerechtshof Amsterdam, Netherlands (appeal instance), 3 July 2008 http://zoeken.rechtspraak.nl/resultpage.aspx?snelzoeken=true&searchtype=ljn&ljn=BA7810&u_ljn=BA7810
Liability of search engines
Google v Copiepresse SCRL, Tribunal de Première Instance, Brussels, Belgium, 13 February 2007 www.copiepresse.be/copiepresse_google.pdf
Disclosure of personal data
Productores de Musica de Espana (Promusicae) v Telefonica de Espana SAU, European Court of Justice C-275/06, 29 January 2008 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:62006J0275:EN:HTMLhttp://curia.europa.eu/jurisp/cgi-bin/gettext.pl?where=〈=en&num=79919870C19060275&doc=T&ouvert=T&seance=ARRET
This forms part of IPR2's work on providing access to information on the development and enforcement of copyrights in the digital environment.
Other useful links
Supreme People's Court (SPC)
For more information on copyright protection on the internet, contact Mr Benoit Misonne
For general information on IPR2, contact Ms Tamryn Barker
[IPR2 ref: CC4.AW2.009]